In the last post I brought up a couple of causes why puzzles should not be dismissed. In this I will bring up another one: making the player feel as an active force. I refer to this notion as having a causal history. My hope is that it offers a new way to view and evaluate puzzles.
Very first I need to go over the term "causal history". Basically, it signifies the sum of actions that players really feel they have triggered any preceding actions remembered as "I did...". Obtaining finished watching a scripted sequence, the causal history will just be "I triggered a scripted cutscene". But if participating in a gun fight, the memories may be one thing like, "I first shot that guy,  dodged a flying knife, threw a grenade ..". Causal history is a tightly connected to agency. A rich causal history improve the feeling of agency. It creates a individual experience for players an expertise exactly where they really feel significantly a lot more present.
Contemplate these 3 diverse gameplay segments, as retold by a player.
1) As I walked up to the door a cutscene began. I watched the protagonist search for a important. Rummaging a few nearby drawers and boxes, she managed to find it. She unlocked the door and entered the next area.
2) As I walked up to the door, I located a guiding cursor pointing at a box. Browsing the box I located a crucial. The cursor now indicated the door as my next objective. I interacted with it, unlocked it with the newly discovered key and entered the next room.
3) I walked up to the door and located it locked. I had recently overheard that the orderlies hid spare keys and proceeded to search nearby boxes and drawers. Turning an dusty crate upside down a essential was revealed. I picked it up and unlocked the door. I was now capable to enter the subsequent area.
All of the three have the identical point happening, but involve the player in the distinct methods. The dividing aspect is the quantity of agency provided. The player has, to various degrees, been shown or participated in a taking place,
In the initial instance, the game takes care of the entire predicament, and the player does nothing. In the second and third examples, the player does the precise same issues the third, nonetheless, give a much stronger sense of causality. In one particular retelling the player is explicitly told what to do, in the other the player is implicitly hinted what do. The third 1 manages the latter by getting developed as a puzzle, resulting in a wealthy causal history.
I consider most will agree example three is the kind of knowledge 1 wants to strive for. This sort of gameplay set players smack in the middle of the happenings. They are present and accountable causal agents in the narrative.
By paying focus to this notion an aesthetic for designing puzzles emerge. 1 wants to have puzzles that  provides the strongest and most detailed causal histories. It fits neatly with the idea brought up in the previous post that puzzles should give the player a feeling of coming up with solutions on their own.  By focusing on causal histories puzzles become a implies to implicitly guide the player by means of a set of actions. It entails setting the player in a specific frame of thoughts, to give hints and offer relevant exposition.
Even though attempting to feel up complex chains of actions for the player, one can not get also carried away although. The rules set out in the previous post have to nevertheless be adhered to. If not, there is a large danger players get stuck, counteracting the intended knowledge. It is a balance act, and one of  taking risks,when it comes to determining the complexity of puzzle. It must supply powerful causal histories, but at the exact same time it can not break the flow of the narrative.
Another aspect is that just adding a lot more actions is not excellent in itself. The actions that make up the causal history must fit the narrative becoming told. For instance, if a puzzle-lock is added to the box containing the essential, it adds practically nothing to the knowledge. It just halts the flow and gets in the way. Padding will not increase the encounter, but only detract the player from what is intended. Actions should be meaningful or not be incorporated at all.
Obtaining puzzles is not the only way of generating causal histories. Earlier I gave a gun fight as an example of a detailed sequence of actions. This is a type of gameplay that arise straight from the underlying mechanics. If possible, it is an exceptional way to create agency.Numerous circumstances are nonetheless impossible to generate in this manner or just also expensive.  Classical gameplay also come with a lot of difficulty that typically break the sense of immersion (outlined right here), producing it at occasions undesirable. It all depends on the circumstance. For any offered segment, it is critical to make sure that a puzzle is the very best method.
Let's summarize. Following this aesthetic one designs a puzzle in a way that offers players rich causal histories. The retelling of a puzzle should be dense with the player performing actions, not passive spectating. One particular should also make sure that the puzzle does not block the flow, and the actions involved must help the intended knowledge, not hinder it.
Even even though I have not employed this method considerably for actual operate, it has currently created me see a handful of puzzles in a new light. I think there is a lot of prospective in this notion and look forward making use of it far more. It may possibly of course turn out to be the wrong way of considering, but so far so excellent.